Disability is defined by the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA):
"A person has a disability if he or she has a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day to day activities.”
The SEN and Disability Act (2001) extended the Disability Discrimination Act (1995) to cover education.
This duty requires Trust’s to produce an Accessibility Plan that identifies the action their Academies intend to take over a three year period to increase access for those with a disability in three key areas.
The three areas include:
Increasing the extent to which disabled learners can participate in the curriculum.
- Improving the environment of the Academy to increase the extent to which disabled learners can take advantage of education and associated services.
- Improving the delivery to disabled learners of information which is provided in writing for learners who are not disabled.
In addition, the Disability Equality Duty (2006) requires all Academy’s to:
- Eliminate discrimination that is unlawful under the DDA.
- Eliminate harassment of those with a disability.
- Promote positive attitudes towards disabled persons.
- Encourage participation by disabled individuals.
- Take steps to take account of disabilities even if this involves treating disabled persons more favourably.
This duty requires us to;
- Involve those with a disability in producing a Disability Equality Scheme (DES) and Action Plan.
- Publish the DES Action Plan.
- Demonstrate they have taken action identified to achieve outcomes.
Report on progress, review and revise the DES annually